The cannabis market in Canada has undergone a remarkable transformation, especially in the realm of edibles. As of June 2023, statistics reveal a significant rise in the popularity of edible cannabis products. In the total medical and non-medical sales of packaged units, edible cannabis accounted for a notable 22%, with over 4.1 million units sold. This is in contrast to dried cannabis, which constituted 53% of the sales​​. The inventory data further underscores this trend, with edible cannabis representing 25% of the total packaged inventory, closely following dried cannabis and cannabis extracts, each holding a 25% share of the inventory​​.

This shift towards edibles is not just a matter of numbers. It reflects a deeper change in the Canadian cannabis culture. Consumers are increasingly seeking sophisticated, gourmet experiences, moving beyond the traditional forms of consumption. At High Flyer Media, we've observed this trend closely. Our insights suggest that the evolution of cannabis edibles in Canada is not just about diversifying products but also about elevating the overall consumer experience. This aligns with the ratio of total packaged inventory to retail sales, which shows a higher ratio for edibles (4.7 to 1) compared to dried cannabis (3.8 to 1)​​, indicating a growing interest and stock in this category.

As we delve deeper into this article, we'll explore how this evolution is shaping a new gourmet culture within the Canadian cannabis scene, offering consumers an experience that is as refined as it is enjoyable.


The Early Days of Canadian Cannabis Edibles

The journey of cannabis edibles in Canada is a tale of gradual acceptance and evolution. Initially, cannabis itself was a controlled substance, largely unrecognized in the Canadian landscape. It was first listed as a restricted drug in 1923 under the Narcotics Drug Act Amendment Bill, but its use remained relatively unnoticed until the 1930s​​. The real shift began in the 1960s when cannabis gained popularity, especially among college students, leading to an increase in convictions and stricter penalties under the Narcotics Control Act of 1961​​.

However, the strict measures did not align with the growing popularity and social acceptance of cannabis. This discrepancy led to the formation of the Le Dain Commission in 1969 to investigate non-medical cannabis use. The commission's 1972 report suggested decriminalizing cannabis possession, although no immediate legislative changes followed​​.

The landscape for cannabis, and by extension, edibles, began to change significantly in the 21st century. A pivotal moment came in June 2015, when the Supreme Court of Canada broadened the definition of medical cannabis to include various forms, such as brownies, teas, and oils, marking the first legal acknowledgment of cannabis edibles​​. This decision paved the way for the eventual legalization of recreational cannabis under the Cannabis Act of June 2018, a turning point that opened the doors for the diverse and sophisticated cannabis edibles market we see today​​.

At High Flyer Media, we've seen this transformation firsthand. The early days of cannabis edibles were marked by limited options and a focus on utility rather than experience. Today, as we look back, it's clear that these humble beginnings were the foundation for the rich, diverse, and gourmet edible landscape that now defines the Canadian cannabis culture.


The Transformation into a Gourmet Experience

The Canadian cannabis edibles market has experienced a dynamic transformation, particularly in its shift towards a gourmet experience. This trend was already evident during the pandemic, as Canada's edibles market outperformed industry growth throughout 2020. Experts predict that by 2025, the Canadian edibles market will triple in size, underscoring the sector's rapid growth and potential​​.

This gourmet transformation is characterized by meticulous attention to quality and dosage. For instance, the maximum THC dosage in legal edibles in Canada is capped at 10 milligrams per package. Manufacturers invest significant effort in ensuring consistent dosing and product quality, with 67% of Canadians prioritizing a safe and controlled dose as a key factor when consuming edibles​​.

Moreover, the marketing and promotion of these gourmet products are subject to strict regulations under the Cannabis Act. These rules, akin to those in the tobacco industry, restrict promotional activities to age-restricted areas and demand non-appeal to young audiences. This regulatory landscape poses challenges but also ensures the responsible growth of the industry​​.

Looking at mature markets like Colorado, we see that edibles constitute a substantial segment, indicating the vast potential for growth in Canada. The future of cannabis in Canadian healthcare is also promising, with a shift expected once the legal market can educate consumers on the health benefits of CBD. This educational aspect could significantly shift business away from the black market, as consumers increasingly seek trust in product quality and dosage​​.

At High Flyer Media, we believe that this transition to a gourmet experience in cannabis edibles is not just about diversifying products but also about elevating the consumption experience. This evolution reflects a maturing market and a deeper integration of cannabis into the fabric of Canadian culture, where quality, safety, and sophistication are paramount.


Influence of Cannabis Culture on Edible Trends

The evolution of cannabis edibles in Canada has been significantly influenced by the nation's cannabis culture, shaping both the diversity of products and consumer preferences. Initially, edibles were synonymous with simple homemade preparations like laced brownies. However, this has dramatically expanded to encompass a wide range of sophisticated food and drink items infused with cannabis​​.

Consumer preferences have played a pivotal role in this evolution. A study by Deloitte Canada revealed that nearly half of the people planning to use edibles opt for infused sweets, such as gummy bears, chocolate, cookies, or brownies, at least once every three months​​. This preference underscores the integration of edibles into regular consumption patterns, indicative of a broader acceptance and normalization of cannabis in everyday life.

Financially, the market reflects this cultural shift. The Canadian edibles market is estimated to be worth at least $1.6 billion annually, with cannabis-infused beverages adding an additional $529 million. This growth not only signifies the expansion of the edibles market but also suggests a potential impact on the alcohol industry, as consumers increasingly use cannabis products for similar social and recreational occasions​​.

The culinary aspect of cannabis culture has also evolved. Beyond the usual baked goods, there is a growing interest in traditional cooking methods incorporating cannabis-infused oil into various dishes. This trend is further supported by resources like "The 420 Gourmet" and "The Cannabis Kitchen Cookbook," which offer guidance for at-home cooking with cannabis. For those less inclined towards cooking, services like The Nomad Cook and High Society Supper Club offer professionally catered cannabis-infused dining experiences, highlighting the gourmet aspect of this trend​​.

At High Flyer Media, we've observed that the influence of cannabis culture on edible trends is not just a reflection of changing consumer preferences but also a driver of innovation in the industry. This synergy between culture and market is pivotal in shaping a diverse, sophisticated, and culturally rich Canadian cannabis edibles landscape.


The Future of Cannabis Edibles in Canada

The future of cannabis edibles in Canada looks promising and dynamic, with several trends shaping the landscape. The Canadian cannabis market, valued at $6.4 billion in 2023, is expected to continue its robust growth through 2027. Ontario and Alberta are leading this growth, with Ontario, in particular, showing a compound annual growth rate of over 20%​​.

  1. Popularity of Gummies and Drinks: Gummies remain a popular choice among Canadian consumers, despite serving size limitations. The small pack sizes make them an affordable and accessible option. Cannabis drinks represent an emerging trend, often compared to alcoholic beverages. Their use in Canada has increased from 2021 to 2022, indicating a growing interest in drinkable cannabis products, which are seen as the next frontier in the market​​.

  2. Diversification with Cannabinoids: THC dominates cannabis use in Canada, but there's a significant interest in CBD and other minor cannabinoids like CBC, CBN, and CBG, as well as psychoactive cannabinoids like HHC and delta-8 THC. Approximately 60% of users enjoy THC:CBD balanced or CBD-dominant products, pointing to a market opportunity for products incorporating a broader range of cannabinoids​​.

  3. Cannabis in Social Settings: As cannabis becomes more accepted in social occasions, there is potential for growth in products designed for specific social settings. This trend suggests that cannabis products, including edibles, will diversify to cater to different social scenarios, opening new avenues for revenue and innovation in the market​​.

At High Flyer Media, we anticipate that the Canadian cannabis edibles market will evolve to offer even more diverse and sophisticated products, catering to a wide range of tastes and preferences. This evolution will likely include more gourmet options, health-focused products with diverse cannabinoid profiles, and innovations that integrate cannabis into various social and culinary experiences. The future of cannabis edibles in Canada is poised to be not just about consumption but about a holistic lifestyle choice, blending wellness, enjoyment, and social engagement.



The journey of cannabis edibles in Canada is a story of significant growth and transformation, reflecting the evolving preferences and attitudes of Canadian consumers. From its early days of basic, homemade products to the current diverse array of sophisticated gourmet offerings, the market has come a long way. With a current market value of $6.4 billion and expected continued growth, the future of cannabis edibles in Canada looks bright and promising​​.

At High Flyer Media, we have observed this evolution closely and believe it represents a broader shift in Canadian cannabis culture. Edibles are not just products; they symbolize the integration of cannabis into everyday life, offering diverse experiences from health and wellness to social and recreational enjoyment. The market's expansion into new forms like drinks and its exploration of various cannabinoids indicate a future where cannabis edibles will continue to innovate and cater to a wide range of consumer needs and preferences​​.

As we look to the future, we anticipate further innovation and diversification in the Canadian cannabis edibles market, continually shaping it as an integral and dynamic part of cannabis culture in Canada.

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